DAISEN-IN GARDEN

1993, two-sided quilt  79″ x 80″
Materials: hand dyed cottons, silks.
Technique: Hand applique, hand quilting.

049

“A Japanese garden is not a flower garden: neither is it made for the purpose of cultivating plants. In nine cases out of ten there is nothing on it resembling a flower-bed. Some gardens may contain scarcely a sprig of green, some have nothing green at all, and consist entirely of rocks and pebbles and sand…”.
In order to comprehend the beauty of a Japanese garden, it is necessary to understand the beauty of stones and again
“Until you can feel, and keenly feel, that stones have character, that stones have tones and values, the whole artistic meaning of a Japanese garden cannot be revealed to you”.
This is how Lafcadio Hearn gives a first glimpse description of a Japanese garden in one of his many essays aimed to introduce the culture and literature of Japan to the West during the late 19th century. I came to know about this writer and English teacher as I visited his residence, one of the main attractions in Matsue during my brief, yet intense, first time visit to Japan.  I was surprised to read about the many similitudes of impressions which I had gathered in my trip almost a century later!
049bIn particular I remember visiting the dry-landscape garden Daisen-In in Kyoto and listerning to the explanations given by a monk about the origins of the garden which had been designed about 500 years ago according to the doctrines of the Zen philosophy.
He explained that the garden is a representation of the cycles of life: a stream(simulated by raked gravel), originates at the waterfalls flowing down with the impetuosity of youth.
049d - Copy
049e049f                                                                                                                                                                                                       To its right a “turtle islet” and to its left  a  “crane islet” symbolize the potential depths, respectively heights, of the human spirit.
Further down the stream, a wall of doubt and contradiction seems to arrest the stream. Yet it goes through it renewed and enriched as symbolized by the “Treasure Ship”.  Nearby,  a small turtle is helpless in her attempts to swim against the current, representing the human desire to go back in time.
049h
It was only a few months later that I gave more thought to the monk’s explanations: they didn’t seem so simple-minded any more, as I was cutting and appliqueing on fabrics each single rock of the garden, with the intent of respecting its original shape and intrinsic beauty. In fact, it seemed to me that different tones of solid gray would enhance even more the natural changes taking place throughout the journey downstream, while the many tiny pieces of gradating greys appliqued together to form just one stone would add to its reachness and complexity.
049i
The stones were not the only feature of the garden which had caught my attention: for example what to say about those Japanese- style  tiles on the roof with a patterned design at the edge?  For such details, I definitely enjoyed using embroidery. Even the few plants, scattered here and there throughout the garden, had their own peculiarities with their subdued pale colors, giving way to a scene of an almost ink-style quality.
049g
As a next step, it was then only natural to connect those stones to the ones I had actually encountered during my trip to Japan, whether they were simply used as a pavement or awall, scatterred on a beach or amidst the sea at sunset, or hidden between moss in a woodas one may notice, from left to right, looking at the three scenes above the garden.
049m-copy
Like a glimpse on the real windows of life, to me these images capture three different instants in the garden’s journey.
051
I completed this side of the quilt by adding at its very top and bottom a few decorative Japanese “mons”, the heraldic designs that date back to  feudal Japan of the 12th century.
064         063           065
The ones at the top of the quilt represent elements of nature, such as  thunder, Mt Fuji, the sun, the moon; at the bottom, on the left side, are the ones dealing with everyday objects (a set of boxes, a fan, the sachè containers) while the mons on  the bottom right have a symbolic, spiritual meaning like the turtle or the lotus.
066
But the garden’s story is not yet finished, its story goes on as retold by the monk: the stream of life ends up in an ocean of nothingness, with just two mounds of sand surronded by raked grave, and no stones at all. We are entering the hidden spiritual side of the garden. I represented my own interpretation of this last part of the garden on the other side of the quilt.
066a